What is Acrylic
Acrylic plastic is a transparent thermoplastic homopolymer often known by the brand name “plexiglass.” The product is comparable to polycarbonate in that it may be used as an impact-resistant alternative to glass (particularly when PC’s high impact strength is not required).
Kloman plastic was originally developed in 1928 and brought to the market five years later by Rohm and Haas Company. It is frequently regarded as one of the clearest plastics on the market. During World War II, it was utilised in submarine periscopes as well as aeroplane windows, turrets, and canopies, among other things. Those whose eyes were harmed by shards of broken acrylic fared considerably better than those who had glass in their eyes.
Acrylic in the contemporary age and in general is utilised for a range of purposes that take advantage of its natural transparency and various types of impact resistance.
Acrylic nails, paint, security barriers, medical devices, LCD screens, and furniture are all examples of acrylic items. It is also commonly utilised for windows, tanks, and enclosures surrounding exhibits because of its clarity.
Despite the fact that they are available in a wide range of colours (perhaps translucent and perhaps not), the material permits for nearly the same internal light transmission as glass, making it an excellent alternative. This is comparable to Polycarbonate.
The acid resistance of acrylic is superior, but it is more difficult to machine. Acrylic has a high impact strength and doesn’t contain the potentially dangerous chemical bisphenol-A (BPA), whereas polycarbonate has greater acid resistance. For a detailed comparison of polycarbonate and acrylic (PMMA).
Characteristics of Acrylic
Now that we’ve learned what it’s used for, let’s look at some of the key characteristics of Acrylic. PMMA is a “thermoplastic” (as opposed to “thermoset”), and its name comes from the way it responds to heat.
Acrylic, as well as other thermoplastic materials, melts at a temperature of 160 degrees Celsius (323 degrees Fahrenheit). One of the most significant advantages of thermoplastics is that they may be heated to their melting point, cooled, and reheated without losing much quality. Acrylic liquefies instead of burning when heated above 200 degrees.
Acrylic is a versatile and strong material that can be used for many purposes, especially those that don’t require high impact resistance. It can easily be cut to size, by the likes of Simply Plastics for example. When compared to other transparent plastics, acrylic is more scratch-resistant. It’s a less expensive alternative to polycarbonate in situations where strength isn’t as important. Because the material evaporates when subjected to intense laser radiation, it may be carved into extremely tiny forms using laser cutting technology.
Acrylic is not a common material because of its brittle failure and low strength. Instead, we prefer to utilise PC or PETG. PC and PETG may not be as clear as Acrylic, but they are usually “clear enough.” If the optical clarity of your project is extremely important, you should consider using Acrylic.